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  • 1.
    Hjern, Anders
    et al.
    CHESS (Centre for Health Equity Studies), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Berg, Lisa
    CHESS (Centre for Health Equity Studies), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Arat, Arzu
    CHESS (Centre for Health Equity Studies), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Klöfvermark, Josefin
    CHESS (Centre for Health Equity Studies), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Manhica, Hélio
    CHESS (Centre for Health Equity Studies), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Rostila, Mikael
    CHESS (Centre for Health Equity Studies), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Vinnerljung, Bo
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hovstadius, Bo
    eHealth Institute, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Ericson, Lisa
    eHealth Institute, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Department of Health and Caring Science, Linnaeus University; Swedish Family Care Competence Centre, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Children as next of kin in Sweden2017Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Manhica, Hélio
    et al.
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Berg, Lisa
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Almquist, Ylva B
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Rostila, Mikael
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Hjern, Anders
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University / Karolinska Institutet.
    Labour market participation among young refugees in Sweden and the potential of education: a national cohort study2019In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 533-550Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This register-based study examined the importance of education on labour market participation among young refugees in Sweden. The study population consisted of unaccompanied (n?=?1606) and accompanied refuges (n?=?4142), aged 23?26 years in 2006?2010, after 7 years of residence in Sweden. Native Swedish, aged 24 years (n?=?347,255) constituted the comparison population, with intercountry adoptees (n?=?6689) as an alternative reference group. Gender-stratified multinomial regression models indicated that unaccompanied and accompanied male and female young refugees had higher risks of being in insecure work force and NEET compared to native Swedes with comparable levels of education. However, young refugees and intercountry adoptees with primary education had similar risks of poor labour market outcomes. The educational differences within each group concerning the risk of being in insecure work force were comparable. With the exception of unaccompanied females, secondary education seemed to be less protective against being in NEET among young refugees compared to native Swedes and intercountry adoptees. We conclude that while young refugees face employment disadvantages, education has the potential of mitigating poor labour market outcomes in this group.

  • 3.
    Manhica, Hélio
    et al.
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Gauffin, Karl
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Almquist, Ylva B
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Rostila, Mikael
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Berg, Lisa
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University.
    Rodríguez García de Cortázar, Ainhoa
    Andalusian School of Public Health (EASP), Granada, Spain.
    Hjern, Anders
    Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Karolinska Institutet/Stockholm University / Karolinska Institutet.
    Hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among young adult refugees who arrived in Sweden as teenagers - a national cohort study2017In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 644Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and lack of family support may explain the mental health problems that are consistently found in young unaccompanied refugees in Western countries. Given the strong relationship between poor mental health and alcohol misuse, this study investigated hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among accompanied and unaccompanied young refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers.

    METHODS: The dataset used in this study was derived from a combination of different registers. Cox regression models were used to estimate the risks of hospital care due to alcohol related disorders in 15,834 accompanied and 4376 unaccompanied young refugees (2005-2012), aged 13 to 19 years old when settling in Sweden and 19 to 32 years old in December 2004. These young refugees were divided into regions with largely similar attitudes toward alcohol: the former Yugoslavian republics, Somalia, and the Middle East. The findings were compared with one million peers in the native Swedish population.

    RESULTS: Compared to native Swedes, hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders were less common in young refugees, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.65 and 95% confidence interval (CI) between 0.56 and 0.77. These risks were particularly lower among young female refugees. However, there were some differences across the refugee population. For example, the risks were higher in unaccompanied (male) refugees than accompanied ones (HR = 1.49, 95% CI = 1.00-2.19), also when adjusted for age, domicile and income. While the risks were lower in young refugees from Former Yugoslavia and the Middle East relative to native Swedes, independent of their length of residence in Sweden, refugees from Somalia who had lived in Sweden for more than ten years showed increased risks (HR = 2.54, 95% CI = 1.71-3.76), after adjustments of age and domicile. These risks decreased considerably when income was adjusted for.

    CONCLUSION: Young refugees have lower risks of alcohol disorders compared with native Swedes. The risks were higher in unaccompanied young (male) refugees compared to the accompanied ones. Moreover, Somalian refugees who had lived in Sweden for more than ten years seems to be particularly vulnerable to alcohol related disorders.

  • 4.
    Manhica, Hélio
    et al.
    The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Niemi, M.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Gunnarsson, D.
    Södertörn University.
    Ståhle, G.
    Södertörn University.
    Larsson, Sofia
    The Swedish Red Cross University College.
    Saboonchi, Fredrik
    The Swedish Red Cross University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Social participation, mental health in refugees and asylum seekers: A scoping review2018In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, no Suppl. 4, p. 482-482Article in journal (Other academic)
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