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  • 1.
    Okenwa, Leah E.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lawoko, Stephen
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Jansson, Bjarne
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence Amongst Women of Reproductive Age in Lagos, Nigeria: Prevalence and Predictors2009Inngår i: Journal of family Violence, ISSN 0885-7482, E-ISSN 1573-2851, Vol. 24, nr 7, s. 517-530Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on predictors of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in Sub-Saharan Africa is contradictory, necessitating further investigation. This study sought the prevalence and predictors of IPV among women in Lagos, Nigeria. Questionnaire data from 934 women visiting an obstetrics and gynecology clinic in Lagos were analyzed using multivariable methods. The 1 year prevalence of IPV was 29%, with significant proportions reporting psychological (23%), physical (9%) and sexual (8%) abuse. In-access to information, women's autonomy and contribution to household expenses independently predicted IPV. The findings provide new incites for IPV prevention in Lagos with implications for further research.

  • 2.
    Okenwa, Leah
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Lawoko, Stephen
    Karolinska Institute.
    Jansson, Bjarne
    Karolinska Institute.
    Contraception, reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes among women exposed to intimate partner violence in Nigeria2011Inngår i: European journal of contraception & reproductive health care, ISSN 1362-5187, E-ISSN 1473-0782, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 18-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives To examine the association between reproductive health practices/outcomes and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) among women in Nigeria. More specifically, the association between IPV and use of contraception; miscarriages, induced abortions, stillbirths, and infant mortality; and having many children, was assessed. Methods Data on studied variables were retrieved from the Demographic and Health Surveys of Nigeria 2008, a nationally representative sample of 33,385 women of reproductive age. IPV was defined as exposure to physical, sexual or emotional abuse. The association between contraception use, pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality, and exposure to IPV was assessed using the chi-square test for unadjusted analyses. To control for potential confounding, socio-demographic variables were adjusted for using multiple logistic regression. Results Compared with women not exposed to IPV, those who were, exhibited a higher likelihood of using modern forms of contraception; having a history of miscarriages, induced abortions, stillbirths, or infant mortality; and having many children. The aforementioned observations still stood after adjustment for potential confounders (e.g., demographic and socioeconomic factors). Conclusion Though causal inference cannot be drawn due to the cross-sectional design, the study has important implications for incorporation of IPV detection and management in initiatives aimed at improving women's reproductive health.

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