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  • Hurtig, Optimus
    Swedish Red Cross University.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda barn med cancer: En kvalitativ litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In recent years, more than 360 000 children have been diagnosed with cancer, but the exact numbers are uncertain. As a parent, it is terrible when your child is diagnosed with cancer. Parents don't want their children to suffer and children want respect from both their parents and the nurses providing care.

    Aim: To describe nurses' experiences of caring for children aged six to 18 with cancer in inpatient care.

    Method: Qualitative literature study including eleven scientific articles from the databases PubMed and CINAHL. The data analysis is based on the qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach by Elo and Kyngäs (2008).

    Results: The content analysis resulted in one main category ''Nurses' use of holistic nursing'' and three categories ''Professional competence, Ethical stress and Person-centered nursing'' and a total of eight subcategories.

     

    Conclusions: Caring for children with cancer is a complex environment where adequate training and competent nurses are necessary to provide good care. Pediatric oncology inpatient care involves a lot of suffering, stress and grief, but also provides nurses with work that gives meaning and new perspectives in life.

    Keywords: Nurses', children, cancer, nursing.

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  • Ibrahim, Asiya
    et al.
    Swedish Red Cross University.
    Khikmatova, Dilnoza
    Swedish Red Cross University.
    Att leva med hjärtsvikt: En allmän litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure is a global health problem with low public awareness. About 64.3 million people live with this disease in the world. Symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling are common. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments are relevant. Self-care is an important factor that can reduce worsening of the disease. 

    Purpose: The study's purpose was to describe the experiences patients with heart failure go through.

    Method: A general literature study with a qualitative approach was applied. Searches were made in two databases, PubMed and CINAHL. Nine scientific articles were chosen for the result and then Thematic analysis was chosen as data analysis.Results: The study's results formed three themes and four subthemes. The main themes identified were "Lifestyle changes", "Psychosocial aspects" and "Self-care". Within the first main theme, two subthemes were formulated: “Life-limiting symptoms”, which presented the difficulties patients experience with their symptoms, and “Changes in eating habits”, which highlighted challenges with dietary adaptation. Within the second main theme, two subthemes were formulated: "Family support" which emphasizes the importance of support from family and friends and "Psychological suffering" which highlighted that patients with heart failure can experience mental illness. 

    Conclusion: The study showed that patients with heart failure experience various physical and psychosocial limitations. The importance of social support from relatives to alleviate mental health problems was emphasized.

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  • Gottvall, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Kissiti, Rogers
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ainembabazi, Ronah
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Bergman, Hannah
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Eldebo, Anna
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Isaac, Rummage
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Yasin, Sumera
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Jirwe, Maria
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Tommy
    Swedish Red Cross University, Department of Health Sciences. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Mental health and societal challenges among forced migrants of diverse sexual orientations, gender identities and gender expressions: health professionals’ descriptions and interpretations2024In: Culture, Health and Sexuality, ISSN 1369-1058, E-ISSN 1464-5351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study was to explore health professionals’ descriptions and interpretations of post-migration mental health and societal challenges among forced migrants with diverse sexual orientations, gender identities and gender expressions. Participants representing seven professions were recruited by a combination of convenience, purposive and snowball sampling. Data were collected through focus groups and individual interviews, analysed with systematic text condensation in a collaborative process involving researchers, clinicians and migrants with lived experiences. Participants described a challenging trajectory for migrants, as migrants venture through an uncertain and demanding journey impacting their mental health. Needing to deal with legal requirements, stressful circumstances and normative expectations during the asylum process were highlighted as major challenges, along with exposure to discrimination, violence, abuse and lack of psychosocial safety. Participants described significant psychological distress among migrants, including loneliness and shame. Challenges were also recognised related to exploring, accepting and expressing sexuality and gender. Loneliness and shame are major challenges in need of further attention in research, which could be addressed through the development and evaluation of actions, programmes and interventions to provide peer support.

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